عنوان مقاله [English]
Endosperm storage proteins are important factors affecting wheat grain quality, so that high molecular weight glutenin subunits play a key role in the gluten formation and structure and are closely related to wheat quality. To investigate the allelic variation at the loci coding high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) among 25 bread wheat genotypes of, nine allele-specific primer pairs (Glu-A1, Glu-B1, Glu-D1) were used. Results showed that at the Glu-A1 locus, three allele (AxNull, Ax1 and Ax2*) were identified. The highest frequency belonged to allele Ax2* (56%). At the Glu-B1 locus, six alleles were detected, totally. The allelic combination of Bx7CD+By8 was 32% in frequency which showed the highest frequency. At the Glu-D1 locus, two alleles were detected. At this locus, allelic combination of Dx2+Dy12 had the highest frequency of 82% among the detected alleles. The Pfluger scoring system was utilized to score Glutenin composition. The studied genotypes showed different allelic combinations with a different level of quality score. Most of genotypes were ranked as good to excellent bread-making quality. Cluster analysis grouped all high quality cultivars in a separate cluster. The variations identified in this study can be a valuable resource of allelic diversity for breeding programs to improve the quality of wheat.
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